Sunday, September 8, 2013

Anonymous Roman Republican Denarius, Crawford 110/1a, Wreath

Anonymous Roman Republican Denarius, Wreath
Crawford 110/1a
211 to 208 BC

Early Roman Republican coins were issued anonymously, or without initials or a control mark identifying the moneyer who oversaw production of the coin. In about 211 BC, Romans introduced a new series of coins, the denarius. It was worth 10 Asses, and had a mark of value on the obverse to note the value. The earliest series listed in Crawford's Roman Republican Coinage was a large series, Cr 44. The series has 7 different denominations in gold and silver. Cast and struck bronze are not included in the series. All of the denarii of Cr 44 series had 3 equal length visors on Roma's helmet. This coin is from a later series where the visors are of differing length.  
This coin was listed as a scarce symbol. Crawford estimated 20 obverse and 25 reverse dies. This makes the coin less common, but hardly rare. Sydenham lists the coin as 4, or scarce. I could not find the cin in Grueber! I did find bronze coins with the wreath symbol in Grueber. When I searched on line, I found only a handful of examples and some on the British Museum web site.
Country Roman
Type or era Republican
Coin type Denarius
Mint   Uncertain
Issued by Wreath
Issued by Anonymous
Title of issuer
Mint Date -211  -211 to -208
Weight 3.78
Weight - max 4.60
Weight - min 3.51
Weight - avg 3.886
Weight - st dev 0.307
Number 14 I looked several times and found only a few examples. 
Diameter - max 19.33 note the coin is slightly oval
Diameter - min 17.84
Diameter - max  19.3
Diameter - min 19.0
Diameter - avg 19.075
Diameter - st dev 0.150
Metal Ar
Serrated N
Cr 110 / 1a
Sear: #, VF, EF 39 - wreath
RSC: #, VF, EF Anon 20 mm
CRR 278
Orientation 8
Purchased from,,,
Tom Cederlind
Purchase date
Excahange rate
Grade VF
Grade VF
Centering well centered
Strike good strike, but high features are either worn, lightly struck or from worn dies. It looks like worn dies to me.
Flan flaws none
Style normal for coin, the series is dated 211 - 208 BC by Crawford. The helmet style has one long and two short visors that first appeared in Cr53.
Patination light uneven patina
Damage none
Obverse  Roma
Reverse Dioscuri wreath
Obverse Roma with hair flowing in four locks, winged helmet, wearing bead necklace; behind X. The distinguishing feature of this coin is the hair falling in 4 locks and is used to identify the small number of coins without a wreath.
Reverse Dioscuri riding R, wreath above, below ROMA in linear frame, A in archaic style.
Obverse dies 20
Reverse dies 25

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